In old Tamil, "Siththu" means "of Siva", thus Siththar refer to "the disciples of God Siva" . Legend says that God Siva and Lord Muruga prescribed the sciences of the study of the eternal mind and the perfection of health, and the science of Tamil traditional medicine, to their beloved disciple Nanthi, the saint Bull. Nanthi, in turn, taught sage Agastya these chapters and whence commenced the legacy of Siddhar monasteries.

Siddhars are saints in India, mostly of the Saivaite denomination in Tamil Nadu, who professed and practised an unorthodox type of Sadhana, or spiritual practice, to attain liberation. They are people who are believed to control and transcend the barriers of time and space by meditation (Yoga), after the use of substances called Rasayanas that transform the body to make it potentially deathless, and a particular breathing-practice, a type of Pranayama. Through their practices they are believed to have reached stages of insight which enabled them to tune into the powers hidden in various material substances and practices, useful for suffering and ignorant mankind. Typically Siddhars were saints, doctors, alchemists and mysticists all at once. They wrote their findings, in the form of poems in Tamil language, on palm leaf which are collected and stored in what are known today as Palm leaf manuscript, today still owned by private families in Tamil Nadu and handed down through the generations, as well as public institutions such as Universities the world over (India, Germany, Great Britain, U.S.A.).

In this way Siddhars developed, among other branches of a vast knowledge-system, what is now known as Siddha medicine, practised mainly in Tamil Nadu as Traditional native medicine. Easier and common medications from Siddha medicine has since been practised by experienced elderly in the villages of Tamil Nadu, and is popularly known as Paatti Vaitthiyam, Naattu marunthu and Mooligai marutthuvam They are also founders of Varmam - a martial art for self-defence and medical treatment at the same time. Varmams are specific points located in the human body which when pressed in different ways can give various results, such as disabling an attacker in self-defence, or balancing a physical condition as an easy first-aid medical treatment.

Siddhars also wrote many religious poems.

One of the best-known Siddhars nowadays is Patanjali, the author of the Yoga-Sutra. Another prominent personality is Agasthyar, who is believed to be the founding father of Siddha culture.

Abithana Chintamani states Siddhars are either of the 9 or 18 persons enlisted, but sage Agastyar states that there are many who precede these and follow 9 or 18 persons. Many of the great Siddhars are regarded to have powers magical and spiritual.

All Siddhars in order

Sitthar Karuvooraar, with his disciple Rajaraja Chola, found in the Sanctum sanctorum of Peruvudaiyaar Koil, Thanjai, 10th c. CE

All Sitthars were among the highest disciples of God Siva, and are considered equal in their powers and devotion to the supreme God.

#Lord Nandi, principal disciple of God Siva and Lord Muruga #Lord Parasuram of Vallam, head of Celloor monastery #Agastyar from Anantasayana, head of the monasteries at Pothigai and Kumbakonam#Poagar of Pazhani, disciple of Agastya, 6th c. BCE( rough estimate ) #Thaeraiyar of Ten Pothigai, disciple of Agastya, 6th c. BCE #Korakkar of Paerur, from Thirukonamalai monastery, ?4th c. BCE#Pulippaani of Pazhani#Thadangann Siddhar#BramhaMuni, ?3rd c. BCE #Machamuni of Thirupparankundram, ?3rd c. BCE #Poonaikkannanaar of Egypt, ?3rd c.BCE #Romamunivar of Rome, ?2nd c. BCE#Kaaraichchiththar, ?2nd c.BCE#Kudhambai Siddhar of Mayilaaduthurai and Kumbakonam, ?2nd c. BCE#Kabilar I of Mithila, 2nd c. BCE.#Kaagaivanna Siddhar [i] of Kediya(South Sri Lanka), from Pothigai monastery, 2nd c. BCE#Dhanvantri from Kasi, of Vaitheeswaran Koil, ?1st c. BCE#Valmiki, aka Vaanmeegar of Ettukkudi, ?1st c. BCE#Maarkkandeyanaar#Koonkannar#Kaalaichchittar II #Konganar of Thirupathi, 1st c. BCE#Punnaakkeesar from Naangunaeri, head of Saanganachaeri monastery, 1st c. BCE#Kaalangicchitthar of Kanchipuram, ?2nd c. CE#Kaaduvelichchiththar #Aenaathichchittar, 2nd c. CE #Idaikkaadar of Oosimuri(in Thondai Nadu), from ThiruAnnaamalai monastery, ?2nd-3rd c. CE #Pulasthiyarfrom Maanthai, head of Aavudaiyaar Koil and Yaazhppaanam monasteries, 3rd c. CE#KamalaMuni of Thiruvaarur, ?4th c. CE#Pathanjali of Rameswaram, 4th c. CE #Azhaganiyaar of Nagapattinam, ?4th c. CE#Kailasanathar, 5th c. CE #Kuranguchchittar of Pazhani, 5th c. CE #Sattaimuni of ThiruArangam, ?5th c. CE #Vaamathevar of Azhagarmalai, ?5th c. CE #Agappaei Siddhar of Azhagarmalai, ?3rd c. CE #Sivavaakkiyar from Kollimalai, of Thirumazhisai monastery, ?4-5th c. CE #Sundarandandar of Madurai, ?5th c. CE#Ramadevar of Azhagarmalai #Thirumoolar from ThiruAaAduthurai, of ThiruAathavoor monastery, head of Thillai Citrambalam[i] monastery, 6th c. CE#Sri Jnyaaneswar of Gujarat#Later Siddhars include -Thirujnana Sambanthar, 7th c. CE #Arunagirinaathar of ThiruAnnaamalai, 7th c. CE#Kaagapusundar, disciple of Thirujnana Sambanthar, 7th c. CE #VaasaMuni#KoormaMuni#Kumbhamuni#Nandeeswarar of Kasi, from Thillai monastery, 6th c. CE #Pattinattaar of Pugaar, 7th c. CE #Avvaiyaar III, ?8th c. CE #Karuvoorar from Karuvoor, of Thanjai monastery, master of Rajaraja Chola, 10th c. CE#Pambatti Siddhar from Jnaneswaram( near Dwaraka, in Gujarat ), of Vilaimalai( Vriddhachalam ) monastery, 15th c. CE #Vaalaichchaami of Valangaimaan#Edaikadar II, ?15th c. CE#Ganapathi Siddhar#Subrahmanya Siddhar #Sooriyaananthar#Lokaayuthar#Bathragiriyaar of Badrachalam, from Thillai monastery #Kaesayogi of Badri-Khedarnath#Sri Ramana Magarishi of ThiruAnnaamalai, 19th c. CE

The 9 list as Abithana Chintamani states is as follows:

#Sathyanathar#Sadhoganathar#Aadhinathar#Anadhinathar#Vegulinathar#Madhanganathar#Machaendranathar#Gadaendranathar or Gajendranathar#Korakkanathar

The 18-list of siddhars is:


Powers of siddhars

The siddhars are believed to have had powers both major and other ‘minor’ powers. They are explained in detail in various yogic as well as religious texts;Thirumandiram 668:

#To become tiny as the atom within the atom (Anima)#To become big in unshakeable proportions (Mahima)#To become as light as vapour in levitation (Laghima)#To become as heavy as the mountain (Garima)#To enter into other bodies in transmigration (Prapti)#To be in all things,omni-pervasive (Prakamya)#To be lord of all creation in omnipotence (Isatvam)#To be everywhere in omnipresence (Vasitvam)

These eight are the Great Siddhis.

Reference for the above statements:


Name : Agastiyar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Markazhi
Tamil Birth Star : Aayilyam
Duration Of Life : 4-Yugas, 48 days
Place Of Samathi : Thiruvananthapuram
Caste : Velalar

Name : Pathanjali
Tamil Month Of Birth : Panguni
Tamil Birth Star : Moolam
Duration Of Life : 5-Yugas, 7 days
Place Of Samathi : Rameshwaram
Caste : ----

Name : Kamalamuni
Tamil Month Of Birth : Vaikasi
Tamil Birth Star : Poosam
Duration Of Life : 4000 Years, 48 days
Place Of Samathi : Thiruvarur
Caste : Kuravar

Name : Thirumoolar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Purattasi
Tamil Birth Star : Avittam
Duration Of Life : 3000 Years, 13 days
Place Of Samathi : Chidambaram
Caste : ---

Name : Kuthambisiddhar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Aadi
Tamil Birth Star : Visakam
Duration Of Life : 1800 Years, 16 days
Place Of Samathi : Mayavaram
Caste : Konar

Name : Korakkar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Karthigai
Tamil Birth Star : Aayilyam
Duration Of Life : 880 Years, 11 days
Place Of Samathi : Perur
Caste : Marattiyar

Name : Thanvanthri
Tamil Month Of Birth : Iyppasi
Tamil Birth Star : Punarpoosam
Duration Of Life : 800 Years, 32 days
Place Of Samathi : Vaideeswaran Koil
Caste : Mahavishnu

Name : Sundarandar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Aavani
Tamil Birth Star : Revthi
Duration Of Life : 800 Years, 28 days
Place Of Samathi : Madurai
Caste : Agamudaiyar

Name : Konganar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Chitthirai
Tamil Birth Star : Uthiradam
Duration Of Life : 800 Years, 16 days
Place Of Samathi : Thirupathi
Caste : Yadavar


Name : Cattaimuni
Tamil Month Of Birth : Aavani
Tamil Birth Star : Mirugasirisham
Duration Of Life : 800 Years, 14 days
Place Of Samathi : Thiruvarangam
Caste : Sinhala

Name : Vaanmeegar/ Valmiki
Tamil Month Of Birth : Purattasi
Tamil Birth Star : Anusham
Duration Of Life : 700 Years, 32 days
Place Of Samathi : Ettukudi
Caste : Vedar

Name : Ramadevar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Masi
Tamil Birth Star : Pooram
Duration Of Life : 700 Years, 06 days
Place Of Samathi : Azhagarmalai
Caste : Vishnukulam

Name : Nandeeswarar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Vaikasi
Tamil Birth Star : Visagam
Duration Of Life : 700 Years 03 days
Place Of Samathi : Kasi
Caste : Mirugamagarisi

Name : Idaikadar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Purattsi
Tamil Birth Star : Thiruvathirai
Duration Of Life : 600 Years, 18 days
Place Of Samathi : Thiruvannamalai
Caste : Konar

Name : Machamuni
Tamil Month Of Birth : Aadi
Tamil Birth Star : Rohini
Duration Of Life : 300 Years, 62 days
Place Of Samathi : Thiruparankundram
Caste : Kalludaiyar

Name : Bhogar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Vaikasi
Tamil Birth Star : Bharani
Duration Of Life : 300 Years, 18 days
Place Of Samathi : Pazhani
Caste : Vishvakarma

Name : Karuvoorar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Chittirai
Tamil Birth Star : Hastham
Duration Of Life : 300 Years, 42 days
Place Of Samathi : Karuvoor
Caste : Kannar

Name : Pambattisiddhar
Tamil Month Of Birth : Karthigai
Tamil Birth Star : Mirugasirisham
Duration Of Life : 123 Years, 14 days
Place Of Samathi : Sankarankoil
Caste : Jogi




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